Remaining Factors that either Encourage or Discourage Active Civic Engagement
(upward pointing arrow indicates positive statistical relationship; downward pointing arrow indicates negative statistical relationship; left and right pointing arrows indicates no statistical relationship)
Explanatory Variable Gave Money to a Political Campaign Tried to Influence How Others Vote Attended Political Meeting, or Rally Worked on a Political Campaign Contacted a Public Official Signed a Political Petition Published a Letter to the Editor
Frequent Discussion of Public Affairs and History* upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow
Frequent Reading of Current Events and History* upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows
Frequent Religious Attendance* left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows
Greater Age* upward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow
Higher Income* upward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow upward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows
Frequent viewing of TV News and Documentaries* left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows upward pointing arrow
Video Games# left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows
Judeo-Christian# left and right pointing arrows downward pointing arrow left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows left and right pointing arrows downward pointing arrow
*Positively correlated with all seven “active” civic engagement activities when grouped together as a single phenomenon.
#Negatively correlated with all seven “active” civic engagement activities when grouped together as a single phenomenon.